Actual Caliber in mm

Bullet Weight in g

Representative Ballistics*

Cartridge

Muzzle Velocity in m/second

Muzzle Energy in Joules

Pistol and Submachinegun Ammunition

5.45mm USSR

n/a

2.6

315

128

.22 Short

5.6

1.8

263

65

.22 Long Rifle

5.6

2.5

323

135

.22 WMR

5.6

2.5

435

245

.22 Rem. Jet

n/a

2.5

640

530

.221 Rem. Fireball

5.6

3.2

807

1056

.25 ACP

6.3

3.2

231

86

7.65mm Long

7.8

5.5

n/a

0

.32 S&W

7.9

5.7

207

122

.32 Short Colt

7.9

5.1

227

133

.32 Long Colt

7.9

5.3

230

140

.32 S&W Long

7.9

6.3

214

146

.32 ACP

7.8

4.8

292

204

.32 H&R Magnum

7.9

5.5

335

309

7.62mm Nagant

n/a

6.2

329

340

7.65mm Luger

7.8

6

365

401

7.62mm Tokarev

7.7

5.6

420

498

7.63mm Mauser

n/a

5.8

420

515

8mm Japanese

8.1

6.6

n/a

n/a

8mm French Ordnance

8.2

7.1

259

241

.38 Long Colt

9.2

9.5

228

250

.38 Short Colt

n/a

8.1

222

200

.38 S&W

9

11.7

208

255

.380 ACP

9

6.2

291

262

9mm Makarov

9.2

6.1

304

285

.38 Special

9

10.3

253

329

9mm Ultra

9

6.6

320

337

.38 Colt Auto

9

8.4

316

423

9mm Parabellum

9

8

345

476

.38 Super

9

8.4

355

529

9x21mm

9

7.9

365

533

9mm Bergmann Bayard

8.9

8.4

365

559

.357 SIG

9

8.1

411

685

.356 TSW

n/a

8

441

784

9x23mm Winchester

9

8.1

441

791

.357 Magnum

9

8.1

441

791

.357 Maximum

n/a

10.2

556

1584

.40 S&W

10.1

11.6

289

488

10mm Auto subsonic

10.1

11.6

301

531

10mm Auto

10.1

10

385

746

.41 Action Express

n/a

11.6

330

635

.41 Magnum

n/a

11

388

831

.44 Russian

10.8

15.9

234

439

.44 Special

10.8

12.9

274

487

.44 Magnum

10.8

15.6

411

1317

.455 Webley & Scott

11.5

14.5

n/a

0

.45 ACP

11.4

15

245

450

.45 Long Colt

11.4

16.2

262

556

.455 Revolver

11.5

16.9

259

569

.45 Winchester Magnum

n/a

16.8

365

1126

.445 Supermag

n/a

15.5

502

1966

.454 Casull

11.5

16.8

548

2535

.50 Action Express

n/a

19.4

420

1719

Rifle and Machinegun Ammunition

4.73mm Caseless

n/a

3.2

930

1383

5mm Experimental

n/a

2.9

945

1294

5.45mm USSR

n/a

3.4

900

1377

.22 Long Rifle

5.6

2.5

382

189

.22 WMR

5.6

2.5

582

439

.22 Hornet

5.6

2.9

819

1001

.222 Remington

5.6

3.8

896

1561

.223 Remington

5.6

4

945

1786

.22-250

5.6

2.9

1158

1955

.243 Winchester

6.1

6.4

902

2637

6.5mm Arisaka

6.4

9

719

2330

6.5mm Mauser

6.7

9

780

2739

6.5mm Italian

6.7

10.1

740

2772

.270 Winchester

7

6.4

975

3082

7mm Mauser

7.2

9

822

3050

7.5mm French

7.7

9.1

852

3302

7.5mm Swiss

7.8

11.3

770

3349

.30 US Carbine

7.8

7.1

549

1074

Standard M1943 USSR

7.8

7.4

715

1891

.30-30

7.8

9.7

728

2579

7.62mm NATO

7.8

11.6

754

3318

.30-06

7.8

11.6

792

3662

Type 54R USSR

7.8

11.8

830

4064

.300 Winchester Magnum

7.8

11.6

883

4556

.300 Weatherby Magnum

7.8

14.3

990

7007

7.7mm Rimless Japanese

7.8

11.7

701

2898

0.303 British

7.8

11.6

755

3326

7.92mm Intermediate

n/a

7.7

685

1828

7.92mm Mauser

8.2

12.8

853

4672

8mm Austrian

8.2

15.8

n/a

0

8mm Lebel

8.3

12.8

n/a

0

.338 Winchester Magnum

8.3

14.5

813

4828

.338/.416 Rigby

8.5

16.2

915

6781

.378 Weatherby Magnum

n/a

17.4

947

7860

.444 Marlin

9.5

17.1

670

3860

.45-70 Government

10.8

19.4

579

3259

.458 Winchester Magnum

11.6

32.4

603

5900

.460 Weatherby Magnum

11.6

32.4

762

9406

12.7mm USSR

11.6

51

n/a

0

.50 Match

12.9

40.8

888

16086

.50 BMG

12.9

42.9

888

16914

13.2mm Hotchkiss

12.9

52.1

n/a

0

14.5mm B-32

13.4

63.4

n/a

0

.600 Nitro Express

14.8

58.3

594

10301

Shotgun Ammunition

.410 birdshot

10.4

14.2

373

990

.410 rifled slug

10.4

5.6

557

883

.410 birdshot

10.4

19.5

345

1168

28 Guage birdshot

14

21.3

393

1647

20 Guage rifled slug

15.6

21.3

487

2533

20 Guage sabot slug

15.6

17.7

426

1616

20 Guage buckshot

15.6

30

346

1795

20 Guage Magnum buckshot

15.6

35.8

350

2204

16 Guage buckshot

16.8

30.9

373

2160

16 Guage rifled slug

16.8

22.7

487

2702

12 Guage rifled slug

18.5

28.4

487

3378

12 Guage buckshot

18.5

42

365

2797

12 Guage Magnum buckshot

18.5

53.2

368

3622

12 Guage Magnum rifled slug

18.5

28.4

536

4087

12 Guage Magnum sabot slug

18.5

28.4

472

3170

12 Guage Hi-Pressure

18.5

18.9

594

3334

12 Guage Magnum 3 1/2"

18.5

n/a

n/a

n/a

12 Guage Magnum birdshot

18.5

63.9

350

3926

12 Guage Heavy Case

18.5

36.3

488

4322

10 Guage Magnum birdshot

19.7

63.9

368

4347

10 Guage rifled slug

19.7

49.7

n/a

n/a

10 Guage buckshot

19.7

71.4

339

4102